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Welcome to the International Conference on Microbiology & Infectious Diseases to be held on the dates June 21-23, 2021 at Rome, Italy.
International Conference on Microbiology & Infectious Diseases focuses on studying micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents. It also discusses the advancements in the research of infectious diseases and that how these advancements have contributed to outbreaks, transmission dynamics, risk factors and more.
Cellular microbiology is revealing how pathogenic bacteria interact with host cells in what is turning out to be a complex evolutionary battle of competing gene products. Molecular microbiology is the branch of microbiology devoted to the study of the molecular basis of the physiological processes that occur in microorganisms Molecular techniques have had a direct influence on the clinical practice of medical microbiology. Toxins and virulence factors from microbes have been used for decades to influence processes in eukaryotic cells and to study them. It has increasingly appeared that applying a purified toxin on a cell does not always provide the complete picture, and that understanding the role of the toxin in pathogenicity, the way the toxin promotes the microbe, the way the toxin is produced and the co-evolution of the toxin and its host-cell counterparts, is crucial.
This track focuses on cell structure and synthesis of cell components followed by detailed discussions of genetics, metabolism, growth, and regulation and mechanisms underlying cell survival and growth. This approaches the subject from a modern molecular genetic perspective, incorporating new insights gained from various genome projects.
Microbial genetics provides powerful tools for deciphering the regulation, as well as the functional and pathway organization, of cellular processes. Microbial genetics has traditionally been a field of basic science research as microorganisms offer several features that facilitate the study of evolutionary processes. The microbiome is the sum of microbes, including bacteria, archaea, viruses, microbial eukaryotes and fungi, and their genomic elements and interactions in their niches. The human microbiome is the collection of all the microorganisms living in association with the human body. The field of microbiomics, in which all microorganisms in a community or microbiota are analysed together, uses high-throughput DNA sequencing and RNA sequencing technologies and bioinformatics.
Applied microbiology is a scientific discipline that deals with the application of microorganisms and the knowledge about them. Genetic engineering is an example of how the fields of basic and applied microbiology can overlap. It includes bacterial diversity in the human gut, protozoan grazing of freshwater biofilms, metals in yeast fermentation processes and the interpretation of host-pathogen dialogue through microarrays. Other applications include biotechnology, agriculture, medicine, food microbiology and bioremediation.
Clinical microbiology is a discipline that encompasses a broad range of testing methodologies, and it is complex in terms of organisms and methods used to isolate and identify them. Clinical microbiology laboratories perform aerobic and anaerobic bacteriology, parasitology, mycobacteriology, mycology, and virology. It plays a critical role in diagnosis and management of patients with lower respiratory tract infections. By providing pathogen detection and identification and susceptibility testing the laboratory provides the basis of optimal empirical antimicrobial therapy and individually tailored regimens.
Environmental Microbiology is the study of microbes within all habitats, and their beneficial and detrimental impacts on human health and welfare. The environment in this case means the soil, water, air and sediments covering the planet and can also include the animals and plants that inhabit these areas. Environmental microbiology also includes the study of microorganisms that exist in artificial environments such as bioreactors. Food microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms, both in food and used for the production of food. This includes microorganisms that contaminate food, as well as those used in its production; for example to produce yoghurt, cheese, beer and wine.
Nexus Conferences brings together researchers from around the world who hold a common goal: participating and promoting active research in several fields of science and technology for the betterment of the society.